Zero Trust Model is Meaningless Without TLS Inspection

Protecting users against modern, invisible cyber threats

A security strategy is only as strong as its weakest point. No matter how extensive your network defenses are, if there is even one blind spot, you are still vulnerable to attacks. This is true even for the Zero Trust model, at the core of modern cybersecurity. Fortunately, there is a way to fix it.

 Zero Trust Model: The Perfect Security Strategy…with a Catch

Zero Trust security / Zero Trust model has become a critical element of network defense. Its rise has been driven by the way traditional concepts of secured zones, perimeters, network segments—even “inside” and “outside”—have been rendered outdated by the modern cyberthreat landscape. After all, you can’t count on walls to keep you safe from insider attacks by people with legitimate access, prevent multi-level attacks designed to bring networks down, or stop lateral movement during the course of an attack.

The Zero Trust model responds to these challenges by adopting the approach of “trust nobody”—inside or outside the network. Cybersecurity strategies are redesigned accordingly along four key principles:

This sounds good in principle. Even the name “Zero Trust Security” is reassuring, with absolute terms that suggest absolute protection. But there is a catch: The Zero Trust model works only when you have full visibility into people and their activities. If something is invisible, there is no way for you to ensure that it does not pose a risk. And that is true for the vast majority of network traffic thanks to the widespread use of encryption.

Zero Trust Model / Zero Trust Security Blind Spot

Encryption is now ubiquitous across the internet. Google reports that over 90 percent of the traffic passing through its services is encrypted, and the numbers are similar for other vendors as well. This trend has been great for privacy—but it is devastating for security, whether you are implementing a Zero Trust model or something different. As encryption renders network traffic invisible to legacy solutions, your network’s security stack is effectively useless.

In response, many security vendors incorporate TLS (Transport Layer Security) inspection into their solutions. In effect, they decrypt traffic, inspect it, and then re-encrypt it before passing it on. But this “distributed TLS inspection” approach, in which decryption and re-encryption happens separately for each device in the security stack, brings problems of its own. Network bottlenecks and performance problems typically compromise service quality for business users and customers—an unacceptable penalty in today’s competitive business environment. What is more, the need to deploy private keys in multiple locations across the multi-vendor, multi-device security infrastructure expands the attack surface, increasing risk.

For the Zero Trust model to deliver on its promise, companies need a way to eliminate the Zero Trust model blind spot without sacrificing service quality.

Full Encrypted Traffic Visibility via TLS inspection

Full Encrypted Traffic Visibility via TLS inspection

A10 Networks closes this Zero Trust blind spot. To avoid the downsides of distributed encryption, we provide full visibility to the enterprise security infrastructure through a dedicated, centralized SSL decryption solution. This is complemented by a multi-layered security approach for optimal protection.

A10 Networks Thunder® SSL Insight fulfills the promise of Zero Trust by restoring full traffic visibility. By taking a “decrypt once, inspect many times” approach, our solution lets the entire security infrastructure inspect all traffic in clear text, at fast speeds, to avoid performance penalties and excess complexity. The following additional features also support the four key principles of Zero Trust discussed above:

Zero Trust is Incomplete Without TLS Decryption

Without centralized and dedicated SSL inspection/TLS inspection, the Zero Trust model is unable to do what it was designed to do – protect our networks, users and data from threats residing inside and outside the network. SSL Insight provides a complete solution that not only enables the inspection of all incoming and outgoing traffic, but also provides additional security services that can help strengthen your Zero Trust strategy.

Learn about closing the Zero Trust blind spot

Babur Khan
June 11, 2020

About Babur Khan

Babur Nawaz Khan is a Technical Marketing Engineer at A10 Networks. He primarily focuses on A10's Enterprise Security and DDoS Protection solutions. Prior to this, he was a member of A10's Corporate Systems Engineering team, focusing on Application Delivery Controllers. Babur holds a master's degree in Computer Science from the University of Maryland, Baltimore County. READ MORE