The discovery of denial-of-service (DoS) cyber-attacks in 2000 marked a critical and historic point in cybersecurity. Every industry fights these basic concepts today, but they’ve evolved into distributed-denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks. This white paper explores how DDoS strategies help threat actors obfuscate attack sources and empowers them with a near limitless army of botnet machines. The result? Endless attacks from every region, every source and against every layer.